Carol Anne Blanchette

Marine Science Institute, University of California, Santa Barbara, CA 93106 |
Skip to :
Published | Book Chapters | Books


Illustration by Jeff Harding

Published Manuscripts

Blanchette, C. A. 1994. The effects of biomechanical and ecological factors on population and community structure of wave-exposed, intertidal macroalgae.  Doctoral dissertation, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR 282 pp.

Gaylord, B., C. A. Blanchette and M. Denny. 1994. Mechanical consequences of size in wave-swept algae. Ecological Monographs 64:287-313. [pdf]

Menge, B. A., E. L. Berlow, C. A. Blanchette, S. A. Navarrete, and S. B. Yamada. 1994. The keystone species concept: variation in interaction strength in a rocky intertidal habitat. Ecological Monographs 64:249-286. [pdf]

Blanchette, C. A. 1996. Seasonal patterns of disturbance influence recruitment of the sea palm, Postelsia palmaeformis. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 197:1-14. [pdf]

Blanchette, C. A. 1997. Size and survival of intertidal plants in response to wave action: A case study with Fucus gardneri . Ecology 78(5):1563-1578. [pdf]

Blanchette, C. A., S. E. Worcester, D. Reed and S.J. Holbrook. 1999. Algal Morphology, Flow, and Spatially Variable Recruitment of Surfgrass, Phyllospadix torreyi. Marine Ecology Progress Series 184:119-128. [pdf]

Blanchette, C. A., C. Thornber, and S. Gaines. 2000. Effects of Wave exposure on Intertidal Fucoid Algae. Proceedings of the California Islands Symposium 5:347-355. [pdf]

Holbrook, Sally J., Daniel C. Reed, Kimberly Hansen and Carol A. Blanchette. 2000. Spatial and Temporal Patterns of Predation on Seeds of Surfgrass, Phyllospadix torreyi. Marine Biology 136:739-747. [pdf]

Denny, M. W. and C. A. Blanchette. 2000. Hydrodynamics, shell shape, behavior and survivorship in the owl limpet, Lottia gigantea. Journal of Experimental Biology 203:2623-2639. [pdf]

Blanchette, C. A., S. Gaines, and B. Miner. 2002. Geographic Variability in Form, Size & Survival of Egregia menziesii (Turner) Areschoug around Point Conception, California. Marine Ecology Progress Series 239:69-82. [pdf]

Borer, Elizabeth T., Kurt Anderson, Carol A. Blanchette, Bernardo Broitman, Scott D. Cooper, Benjamin Halpern, Eric W. Seabloom, Jonathan B. Shurin. 2002. Topological approaches to food web analyses: a few modifications may improve our insights Oikos 99:397-401. [pdf]

Shurin, Jonathan B., Elizabeth T. Borer, Eric W. Seabloom, Kurt Anderson, Carol A. Blanchette, Bernardo Broitman, Scott D. Cooper, and Benjamin Halpern. 2002. A cross-ecosystem comparison of the strength of trophic cascades. Ecology Letters 5:785-791. [pdf]

Helmuth, Brian, Chris Harley, Patti Halpin, Michael O'Donnell, Gretchen E. Hofmann, and Carol Blanchette. 2002. Climate change and latitudinal patterns of intertidal thermal stress: Is life always hotter, south of the border? Science 298:1015-1017. [pdf]

Menge, Bruce A., Carol Blanchette, Pete Raimondi, Tess Freidenburg, Steve Gaines, Jane Lubchenco, Dave Lohse, Greg Hudson, Melissa Foley, and Jacque Pamplin. 2004. Species Interaction Strength: Testing model predictions along an upwelling gradient. Ecological Monographs 74(4):663-684. [pdf]

Borer, Elizabeth T., Eric W. Seabloom, Jonathan B. Shurin, Kurt Anderson, Carol A. Blanchette, Bernardo Broitman, Scott D. Cooper, Benjamin Halpern. 2005. What determines the strength of a trophic cascade? Ecology 86:528-537. [pdf]

Blanchette, Carol A., Daniel V. Richards, John M. Engle, Bernardo R. Broitman, Steven D. Gaines. 2005. Proceedings of the California Islands Symposium. Vol.6:435-441. Regime Shifts, Community Change and Population Booms of Keystone Predators at the Channel Islands. [pdf]

Menge, B. A., G. W. Allison, C. A. Blanchette, T. M. Farrell, A. M. Olson, T. Turner, and P. van Tamelen. 2005. Stasis Or Kinesis? Hidden Dynamics Of A Rocky Intertidal Macrophyte Mosaic Revealed By A Spatially-Explicit Approach. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 314:3-39. [pdf]

Broitman, Bernardo R., Carol A. Blanchette, Steven D. Gaines. 2005 Recruitment of intertidal invertebrates and oceanographic variability at Santa Cruz Island, California Limnology and Oceanography 50(5)1473-1479. [pdf]

Blanchette, Carol A., Bernardo R. Broitman, Steven D. Gaines. 2006.Intertidal community structure and oceanographic patterns around Santa Cruz Island, CA, USA. Marine Biology 149:689-701. [pdf]

Nielsen, Karina J., C. A. Blanchette, B. A. Menge and J. Lubchenco. 2006.Physiological snapshots reflect ecological performance of the sea palm, Postelsia palmaeformis (Phaeophycaea) across intertidal elevational and exposure gradients. Journal of Phycology 42:548-559. [pdf]

Helmuth, Brian, Bernardo Broitman, Carol Blanchette, Sarah Gilman, Patricia Halpin, Chris Harley Michael O'Donnell, Gretchen E. Hofmann, Bruce Menge and Denise Strickland. 2006. Mosaic patterns of thermal stress in the rocky intertidal zone: Implications for climate change Ecological Monographs 76(4):461-479. [pdf]

Blanchette, Carol A., and Steven D. Gaines. 2007. Distribution, Abundance, Size and Recruitment of the mussel, Mytilus californianus, across a major oceanographic and biogeographic boundary at Point Conception, California, USA. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 340:268-279. [pdf]

Blanchette, Carol A., B. Helmuth and Steven D. Gaines. 2007. Spatial patterns of growth in the mussel, Mytilus californianus, across a major oceanographic and biogeographic boundary at Point Conception, California, USA. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 340:126-148. [pdf]

Jones, Christopher, Carol Blanchette, Matthew Brooke, John Harris, Matthew Jones, Mark Schildhauer. 2007. A Metadata-driven Framework for Generating Field Data Entry Interfaces in Ecology Ecological Informatics 2:270-278 [pdf]

Wieters, Evie A., Steven D. Gaines, Sergio A. Navarrete, Carol A. Blanchette, and Bruce A. Menge. 2008. Scales of Dispersal and the Biogeography of Marine Predator-Prey Interactions American Naturalist 171:405–417 [pdf]

Broitman, B.R., C.A. Blanchette, B.A. Menge, J. Lubchenco, C. Krenz, M. Foley, P.T. Raimondi, D. Lohse and S.D. Gaines. 2008. Spatial and temporal variability patterns of invertebrate recruitment along the West coast of the United States Ecological Monographs 78(3):403-421 [pdf]

Blanchette, C.A., C.M. Miner, P.T. Raimondi, D. Lohse, K.E.K. Heady, and B.R. Broitman. 2008. Biogeographic patterns of rocky intertidal communities along the Pacific coast of North America Journal of Biogeography 35:1593-1607 [pdf]

Broitman, B.R., N. Mieszkowska, B. Helmuth and C.A. Blanchette. 2008. Climate and recruitment of rocky shore intertidal invertebrates in the eastern north Atlantic Ecology 89(11):81-90 [pdf]

Broitman, B.R., L. Szathmary, K.A.S. Mislan, C.A. Blanchette, and B. Helmuth. 2009. Predator-prey interactions under climate change: the importance of habitat vs.body temperature Oikos 118:219-224 [pdf]

Reed, D.C., S.J. Holbrook, C.A. Blanchette and S. Worcester. 2009. Patterns and sources of variation in flowering, seed supply, and seedling recruitment in surfgrass Phyllospadix torreyi Marine Ecology Progress Series 384:97-106 [pdf]

Blanchette, C.A., P.T. Raimondi, and B.R. Broitman. 2009. Spatial patterns of intertidal community structure across the California Channel Islands and links to ocean temperature Pages 161-173 in Damiani, C.C. and D.K. Garcelon (eds.) Proceedings of the 7th California Islands Symposium Institute for Wildlife Studies, Arcata, CA. [pdf]

Blanchette, C.A., D.R. Schiel, E.A. Wieters, B.R. Broitman, and B.P. Kinlan. 2009. Trophic structure and diversity in rocky intertidal upwelling ecosystems: A comparison of community patterns across California, Chile, South Africa and New Zealand Progress in Oceanogprahy 83:107-116. [pdf]

Thompson, Sarah Ann, Heather Knoll, Carol A. Blanchette and Karina J. Nielsen. 2010. Population consequences of biomass loss due to commercial collection of the wild seaweed Postelsia palmaeformis Marine Ecology Progress Series 413:17-31 [pdf]

Mislan, K.A.S., Carol A. Blanchette, Bernardo R. Broitman, and Libe Washburn. 2011. Spatial variability of emergence, splash, surge, and submergence in wave-exposed rocky-shore ecosystems Limnology and Oceanogprahy 56(3):857-866. [pdf]

Watson, JR, CG Hays, PT Raimondi, S Mitarai, C Dong, JC McWilliams, CA Blanchette, JE Caselle, DA Siegel. 2011. Currents connecting communities: nearshore community similarity and ocean circulation Ecology 92(6):1193-1200. [pdf]

Buckel, Christine Addison, Carol Anne Blanchette, Robert R. Warner and Steven D. Gaines. 2012. Where a male is hard to find: consequences of male rarity in the surfgrass Phyllospadix torreyi Marine Ecology Progress Series 449: 121–132. [pdf]

Kefi, Sonia, Eric L. Berlow, Evie A. Wieters, Sergio A. Navarrete, Owen L. Petchey, Spencer A. Wood, Alice Boit, Lucas N. Joppa, Kevin D. Lafferty, Richard J. Williams, Neo D. Martinez, Bruce A. Menge, Carol A. Blanchette, Alison C. Iles and Ulrich Brose. 2012. More than a meal... integrating non-feeding interactions into food webs Ecology Letters 15:291-300. [pdf]

Hofmann, G.E., Carol A. Blanchette, Emily B. Rivest, and Lydia Kapsenberg. 2013. Taking the pulse of marine ecosystems: The importance of coupling long-term physical and biological observations in the context of global change biology. Oceanography 26(3)140-148. [pdf]

Hofmann, G.E., T. G. Evans, M.W. Kelly, J. L. Padilla-Gamiño, C. A. Blanchette, L. Washburn, F. Chan, M. A. McManus, B. A. Menge, B. Gaylord, T. M. Hill, E. Sanford, M. LaVigne, J.M. Rose, L. Kapsenberg, and J. M. Dutton. 2014. Exploring local adaptation and the ocean acidification seascape - studies in the California Current Large Marine Ecosystem. Biogeosciences 11(4):1053-1064. [pdf]

Gaitán-Espitia, Juan Diego, Joshua R. Hancock, Jacqueline L. Padilla-Gamiño, Emily B. Rivest, Carol A. Blanchette, Daniel C. Reed & Gretchen E. Hofmann. 2014. Interactive effects of elevated temperature and pCO2 on early-life-history stages of the giant kelp Macrocystis pyrifera. JEMBE 457:51-58. [pdf]

Pfister, C.A., AJ Esbaugh, CA Frieder, H Baumann, EE Bockmon, MM White, BR Carter, HM Benway, CA Blanchette, E Carrington, JB McClintock, DC McCorkle, WR McGillis, TA Mooney, P Ziveri. 2014. Detecting the Unexpected: A Research Framework for Ocean Acidification. Environmental science & technology 48 (17) 9982-9994. [pdf]

Tallis, H., J. Lubchenco et al. 2014. A call for inclusive conservation. Nature 515:27-28. [pdf]

Marcelo M. Rivadeneira,, Alex H. Alballay, Jaime A. Villafaña, Peter T. Raimondi, Carol A. Blanchette, and Phillip B. Fenberg. 2015. Geographic patterns of diversification and the latitudinal gradient of richness of rocky intertidal gastropods: the ‘into the tropical museum’ hypothesis. Global Ecology and Biogeography DOI: 10.1111/geb.12328 [pdf]

Murray, S.N, SB Weisberg, PT Raimondi, RF Ambrose, CA Bell, CA Blanchette, JL Burnaford, MN Dethier, JM Engle, MS Foster, CM Miner, KJ Nielsen, JS Peasrs, DV Richards and JS Smith. 2016. Evaluating ecological states of rocky intertidal communities: A Best Professional Judgment exercise. Ecological Indicators 60:802-814 [pdf]

Kroeker, Kristy J., Eric Sanford, Jeremy M. Rose, Carol A. Blanchette, Francis Chan, Francisco P. Chavez, Brian Gaylord, Brian Helmuth, Tessa M. Hill, Gretchen E. Hofmann, Margaret A. McManus, Bruce A. Menge, Karina J. Nielsen, Peter T. Raimondi, Ann D. Russell and Libe Washburn. 2016. Interacting environmental mosaics drive geographic variation in mussel performance and predation vulnerability. Ecology Letters 19:771–779. [pdf]

Sagarin, Raphael D., John Adams, Carol A Blanchette, Richard C Brusca, Jon Chorover, Julia E Cole, Fiorenza Micheli, Adrian Munguia-Vega, Chelsea M Rochman, Kevin Bonine, Joost van Haren, and Peter A Troch. 2016. Between control and complexity: opportunities and challenges for marine mesocosms. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 14(7): 389–396. [pdf]

Rivest, Emily B., Margaret O’Brien, Lydia Kapsenberg, Chris C. Gotschalk, Carol A. Blanchette, Umihiko Hoshijima and Gretchen E. Hofmann. 2016. Beyond the benchtop and the benthos: Dataset management planning and design for time series of ocean carbonate chemistry associated with Durafet®-based pH sensors. Ecological Informatics 36:209-220. [pdf]

Helmuth, Brian, Francis Choi, Allison Matzelle, Jessica L. Torossian, Scott L. Morello, K.A.S. Mislan, Lauren Yamane, Denise Strickland, P. Lauren Szathmary, Sarah E. Gilman, Alyson Tockstein, Thomas J. Hilbish, Michael T. Burrows, Anne Marie Power, Elizabeth Gosling, Nova Mieszkowska, Christopher D.G. Harley, Michael Nishizaki, Emily Carrington, Bruce Menge, Laura Petes, Melissa M. Foley, Angela Johnson, Megan Poole, Mae M. Noble, Erin L. Richmond, Matt Robart, Jonathan Robin, Jerod Sapp, Jackie Sones, Bernardo R. Broitman, Mark W. Denny, Katharine J. Mach, Luke P. Miller, Michael O’ Donnell, Philip Ross, Gretchen E. Hofmann, Mackenzie Zippay, Carol Blanchette, J.A. Macfarlan, Eugenio Carpizo-Ituarte, Benjamin Ruttenberg, Carlos E. Peña Mejía, Christopher D. McQuaid, Justin Lathlean, Cristián J. Monaco, Katy R. Nicastro, & Gerardo Zardi. 2016. Long-term, high frequency in situ measurements of intertidal mussel bed temperatures using biomimetic sensors. Scientific Data, DOI: 10.1038/sdata.2016.87. [pdf]

Thakar, HB, MA Glassow and C Blanchette. 2016. Reconsidering evidence of human impacts: Implications of within-site variation of growth rates in Mytilus californianus along tidal gradients. Quarternary International 427:151-159. [pdf]

Chan. F., J. A. Barth, C. A. Blanchette, R. H. Byrne, F. Chavez, O. Cheriton, R. A. Feely, G. Friederich, B. Gaylord, T. Gouhier, S. Hacker, T. Hill, G. Hofmann, M. A. McManus, B. A. Menge, K. J. Nielsen, A. Russell, E. Sanford, J. Sevadjian & L. Washburn. 2017. Persistent spatial structuring of coastal ocean acidification in the California Current System SCIENTIFIC REPORTS | 7: 2526 | DOI:10.1038/s41598-017-02777-y [pdf]

Thakar, HB, MA Glassow and C Blanchette. 2017. The forest and the trees: Small-scale ecological variability and archaeological interpretations of temporal changes in California mussel shell size. Quarternary International 427:246-249. [pdf]

C. Melissa Miner, Jennifer L. Burnaford, Richard F. Ambrose, Liam Antrim, Heath Bohlmann, Carol A. Blanchette, John M. Engle, Steven C. Fradkin, Rani Gaddam, Christopher D. G. Harley, Benjamin G. Miner, Steven N. Murray, Jayson R. Smith, Stephen G. Whitaker, Peter T. Raimondi. 2018. Large-scale impacts of sea star wasting disease (SSWD) on intertidal sea stars and implications for recovery PLOS ONE | [pdf]

Freiwald, Jan, Ryan Meyer, Jennifer E Caselle, Carol A Blanchette, Kevin Hovel, Doug Neilson, Jenifer Dugan, Jessica Altstatt, Karina Nielsen, Julie Bursek. 2018. Citizen science monitoring of marine protected areas: Case studies and recommendations for integration into monitoring programs. Marine Ecology 2018;39:e12470. DOI: 10.1111/maec.12470. [pdf]

Claisse, Jeremy T., Carol A Blanchette, Jenifer E Dugan, Jonathan P Williams, Jan Freiwald, Daniel J Pondella, Nicholas K Schooler, David M Hubbard, Kathryn Davis, Laurel A Zahn, Chelsea M Williams, Jennifer E Caselle. 2018. Biogeographic patterns of communities across diverse marine ecosystems in southern California. Marine Ecology 2018;39:e12453. DOI: 10.1111/maec.12453. [pdf]

Williams, Jonathan P. Chelsea M. Williams, Carol A. Blanchette, Jeremy T. Claisse, Daniel J. Pondella II, and Jennifer E. Caselle. 2018. Where the Weird Things Are: A Collection of Species Range Extensions in the Southern California Bight. Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences 117(3):189-202 [pdf]

Menge, Bruce A., Kristen Milligan, Jennifer E. Caselle, John A. Barth, Carol A. Blanchette, Mark H. Carr, Francis Chan, Robert K. Cowen, Mark Denny, Steven D. Gaines, Gretchen E. Hofmann, Kristy J. Kroeker, Jane Lubchenco, Margaret A. McManus, Mark Novak, Stephen R. Palumbi, Peter T. Raimondi, George N. Somero, Robert R. Warner, Libe Washburn, and J. Wilson White. 2019. PISCO: Advances made through the formation of a large-scale, long-term consortium for integrated understanding of coastal ecosystem dynamics. Oceanography 32(3):16-25 [pdf]

Menge, Bruce A., Jennifer E. Caselle, Kristen Milligan, Sarah A. Gravem, Tarik C. Gouhier, J. Wilson White, John A. Barth, Carol A. Blanchette, Mark H. Carr, Francis Chan, Jane Lubchenco, Margaret A. McManus, Mark Novak, Peter T. Raimondi, and Libe Washburn. 2019. Integrating Coastal Oceanic and Benthic Ecological Approaches for understanding large-scale meta-ecosystem dynamics.Integrating Coastal Oceanic and Benthic Ecological Approaches for understanding large-scale meta-ecosystem dynamics. Oceanography 32(3):38-49 [pdf]

Menge, Bruce A., Jennifer E. Caselle, John A. Barth, Carol A. Blanchette, Mark H. Carr, Francis Chan, Sarah Gravem, Tarik C. Gouhier, Jane Lubchenco, Margaret A. McManus, Kristen Milligan, Mark Novak, Peter T. Raimondi, Libe Washburn, and J. Wilson White. 2019. Community Responses to Climate-Related Variability and Disease: the critical importance of long-term research. Oceanography 32(3):72-81 [pdf]

White, J. Wilson, Mark H. Carr, Jennifer E. Caselle, Libe Washburn, C. Brock Woodson, Stephen R. Palumbi, Peter M. Carlson, Robert R. Warner, Bruce A. Menge, John A. Barth, Carol A. Blanchette, Peter T. Raimondi, and Kristen Milligan. 2019. Connectivity, Dispersal, and Recruitment: connecting benthic communities and the coastal ocean. Oceanography 32(3):50-59 [pdf]

Raimondi, Peter T., C. Melissa Miner, Bruce A. Menge, Carol A. Blanchette, and David P. Lohse. 2019. Quantitative Biogeography: Large-Scale, Long-Term Change in the Rocky Intertidal Region of the California Current Large Marine Ecosystem. Oceanography 32(3):26-37 [pdf]

Book Chapters

Blanchette, C.A. 2007. Seagrasses In "Encyclopedia of Tidepools and Rocky Shores" Edited by Mark W. Denny and Steven D. Gaines. University of California Press. pp. 491-495. [pdf]

Blanchette, C.A., M.J. O'Donnell and H.L. Stewart. 2008. Waves as an Ecological Process In "Encyclopedia of Ecology, Volume 5" Edited by Sven Erik Jørgensen and Brian D. Fath Oxford: Elsevier. pp. 3764-3770. [pdf]

Blanchette, Carol A., M.W. Denny, J. Engle, B. Helmuth, L. Miller, K.J. Nielsen, and J. Smith. 2014. Intertidal Ecosystems of California in Ecosystems of California - A Source Book. Edited by Hal Mooney and Erika Zavaleta.. University of California Press. [pdf]


Blanchette, Carol and Jenifer Dugan. 2017. The Golden Forest - Exploring a Coastal California Ecosystem. Globe Pequot Press / Muddy Boots. ISBN-10: 163076180X. [link to publisher]

Photo by Carol Blanchette